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Crisis solution / Never-ending crisis (current)
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human rights

Crisis solution (current) / 2020 / 2019 / 2018 / 2017 / 2016 / 2015 / 2014 / 2013 / 2012 / 2011 / 2010 / 2009 / 2008 / 2007 

Since the Delhi Agreement between seven parliamentary parties and the insurgent CPN (Maoist) of 22 November 2005, the people of Nepal have been waiting in vain for the promised realisation of an inclusive democratic system. Although the then putsching monarchy was abolished and a constitution was passed in 2015 after long power struggles between the political parties, even this was the sole work of the exclusively male leaders of the three major parties, predominantly male Bahuns. The appropriate participation of all social groups, as provided for in the interim constitution of January 2007, did not take place. In this respect, the constitution of 2015 even represented in part a step backwards compared to the interim constitution.
Thus, apart from the abolition of the monarchy, not much has changed since the 1990 system. Numerous fundamental human rights continue to be disregarded. There is no inclusion of all social groups. All power and the majority of all state functions are still in the hands of male Tagadharis, especially male Bahuns.  The latter make up only 6 percent of the population, but the identification of the state and its society and culture, in short the nationalist image of the state of Nepal, is still based on the culture and partly narrow-minded, anarchic, patriarchal and socially discriminating view and thinking of this small minority. Under the Oli government this trend has even intensified. As long as this state of affairs continues and the failed generation of political leaders of all parties is replaced by a younger generation that is inclusive, open-minded, receptive and not exclusively oriented towards personal power interests, there will be no end to the crisis situation.


5542 days since Delhi agreement of political parties
5390 days since King Gyanendra was forced to end his putsch
5178 days since Comprehensive Peace Agreement; government, leading party politicians, former Maoists and army leaders still prevent conclusion of the peace process
5123 days since promulgation of the Interim Constitution
4673 days since elections to CA-I
4042 days since CA-I committees presented suggestions for the new constitution (discussion in CA prevented by leading politicians)
3281 days since SRC presented suggestions for the federal structure (majority suggestion rejected by Nepali Congress)
3164 days since dissolution of CA-I
2623 days since elections to CA-II
2194 days since promised Constitution by CA-II failed
2057 days since non-inclusive deal by male Tagadhari leaders of the three big parties
days since promulgation of non-inclusive and so far still not really implemented constitution through illegal procedure (text of constitution)
1827 days since unilateral and non-inclusive first amendment of the new constitution
1099 days since the federal system should have been implemented; still missing: laws, infrastructure, fiscal regulations, staff, naming of states and capitals, etc.
1074 days since KP Oli became PM: most of the necessary working processes not really completed, yet; instead, growing violation of fundamental rights, federal chaos, unabated nepotism, corruptionand power struggles; putsch and breaking of the constitution
0397 days since the Samajbadi Party Nepal left the coalition government after PM Oli refused any discussion to make the constitution more inclusive though this promise had been decisive for cooperation
0035 days since PM Oli putsched and destroyed the democratic system with the help of President Bidya Devi Bhandari

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Documents and websites:

24/01/2021: Govt urged to implement NHRC recommendations (ht), Our troubled democracy : Unless the bleeding of democracy stops, the resto-ration of the House alone is not going to save it, by Naresh Koirala (kp), NC, JSP-N not keen on joint struggle : NC says it’s protesting, JSP-N blames NCP of betrayal (ht), Petition filed at Constitutional Bench seeking examination of authenticity of House dissolution notice published in Nepal Gazette (rep), SC will not be influenced by external factors: CJ Rana (kh) [Nobody tries to influence the SC's decision like KP Oli. The SC must finally silence him and stop his unjustified election preparations! The rule of law and democracy are on the brink of extinction in Nepal!], Former Nepal Bar Association chairs condemn Oli’s ‘shameful attack’ on legal profession : They say the prime minister should apologise for slandering the country’s most senior lawyer and the legal profession (kp), Covid-19: The year of living dangerously : One year since Nepal reported its first case, government response has been dismal. Vaccines are likely to be available sooner or later, but the path to inoculate all is not clear, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Poverty and lack of awareness and access forcing many to resort to unsafe abortion : Even 19 years after legalisation, women’s struggle for safe abortion continues. As a result, they put their health at risk and are unable to exercise their rights, experts say, by Samiksha Baral (kp), Health workers deprived of risk allowance warn of halting serviceAs many as 53 frontline health workers at Dolakha District Hospital in Jiri have been  deprived of the Covid-19 risk allowance for months, by Anish Tiwari (kp), With political instability, market prices soar : When elections approach, market monitoring gets lax and prices remain high, activists and experts say, by Krishana Prasain (kp), Dr KC objects to recommendation for increasing medical education fee (kh),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

23/01/2021: Nepal yet to ensure transitional justice: Officials have been repeating same commitments at international fora, but have done little to implement them, by Binod Ghimire (kp) [The statement read out by the foreign minister sounded in part like a fairy tale story! Promises made for years, but not kept, were presented as if they would be implemented!], NHRC urges govt to ensure implementation of its past recommendations (rep), Urge to implement NHRC recommendations (kh), PM Oli assures ex-Maoists commanders of finding solution to their problems (kh) [And what about the problems of the victims of the insurgency and their families, Mr Oli??], Kalikot teens run successful campaign against Chhaupadi : Campaign inspires girls and women to abandon period sheds, by Tularam Pandey (kp), When will Dalit lives matter? Despite voices being raised in the Capital and across the country against the injustices inflicted on Dalit people, their plight remains the same.  The Post takes a look at the events that took shape last year and why they were not enough, by Srizu Bajracharya (kp), A scrambling Oligovernment produces gazette before court, but it’s backdated : Hiding information and distorting it have been the hallmark of the Oli government and not publishing the House dissolution notice is a major procedural lapse, experts say, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Confusion and dilemma in Nepali Congress continues, now with eyes on leading government in provinces : Views differed in the party over House dissolution. Now there are questions whether it should join hands with Oli or Dahal-Nepal faction in Bagmati and Province 1, by Anil Giri (kp) [It is becoming clear that the feigned outrage over the dissolution of parliament is sheer mockery. Oli's coup is gladly accepted if it means that one can regain power oneself. What rotten politicians!], Protest against Oli’s decision draws huge response in capital (ht) [The term "decision" trivializes Oli's constitutional breach!], A motley crew of people and political talk at Capital protest : Thousands attended Friday’s rally called by Dahal-Nepal faction of Nepal Communist Party against Oli’s House dissolution move. But not everyone was there to protest, by Anup Ojha (kp), Civil society group to stage protest outside PM's residence in Baluwatar against parliament dissolution (rep), Dr KC staging protest against HoR dissolution today (kh), Lawyers spell out flaws in PM’s move, by Ram Kumar Kamat (ht), PM Oli makes mockery of legendary lawyer whom judicial sector respects as ‘Guru’ : ‘Calling hearing a spectacle contempt of court’ (kh) [!!!???], Nepali women migrants repatriated from Beirut : Migrant workers, mostly women, have been hit hard in the West Asian country reeling under multiple crises, by Chandan Kumar Mandal (kp), Is foreign employment a choice or a compulsion? Labor migration is not safe for innocent Nepali migrant workers. The government should ensure that every single Nepali worker in foreign land is paid decent salary and treated with dignity, by Bipana Thapa (rep), The Alchemy Of A New Class, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn), Pressure cooker bomb planted by Biplab-led group defused in Banepa (rep), Biplav outfit torches Bolero van in Makwanpur (kh), BP Highway disrupted following explosion; bomb planted on Arniko Highway defused (kh), Three cadres of Biplav outfit arrested in Tikapur (kh), Joint meeting of Dahal, Dr Bhattarai with Vice Prez sparks speculations in political circle (rep),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

22/01/2021: Universal Periodic Review: Nepal quizzed on transitional justice, rights, Tibetan refugee issue : Foreign Minister Gyawali reiterates Nepal’s commitment to human rights, deflects US queries on Nepal-China agreements as a bilateral matter, by Anil Giri (kp), United Nations urged to tell Nepal government to protect civic freedom : Physical attacks on journalists, rights activists continue to undermine civic space (ht), Why KP Sharma Oli is behaving as though he is the state : Ever since Oli dissolved the House of Representatives, all his statements have revolved around ‘I, me and myself’, as he has shown utter disregard for the checks and balances enshrined in the constitution, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Rs 100 billion: The cost of Nepal’s next parliamentary election, by Ashok Dahal (ae), Nepal to rely mostly on foreign aid to buy Covid-19 vaccines for its people, officials say : Rs48 billion has been estimated for vaccines. Government, however, says it won’t have a resource crunch for midterm elections, which will cost it as much as Rs 20 billion, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Who gets to write our history? The nationalist narrative conveniently sets aside other histories that don’t see Nepal as a great nation, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp), Sugarcane farmers  to resume protest  to get paid in full : Both the government and the sugar mills are refusing  to disclose the details of the payments made so far, by Krishana Prasain (kp), NHRC urges govt to save Ganga Maya’s life (ht), Failure of Nepali communism : The most understated reason for the failure of Nepali communism is their new penchant for central planning and development without the capability to deliver on them, by Bishal Thapa (ae), Messing up the system : When a government elected with an overwhelming majority dissolves the House due to the failure and inability to manage intra party wrangling and discord, it could become a bane for democracy, by Rajaram Bartaula (rep), Polluted politics : If driver exhalation is checked for alcohol, why not vehicle exhaust for pollutants? Governance failure. Corruption (nt), Breathing is hazardous to health : Only public pressure on politicians will clean up Kathmandu’s hazardous air pollution (nt)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

21/01/2021: Oli’s legacy of shame : KP Oli put Nepal’s young democracy to the test, and the political class helped him do it, by Deepak Thapa (kp), All’s not well inside Janata Samajbadi Party : While Bhattarai and Yadav want to protest against the dissolution of the House, Thakur and Mahato have other plans, by Anil Giri (kp), After House dissolution, questions raised over local infrastructure programme, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), CJ fixes 30 minutes for lawyers to plead their case (ht), Relief for the returnees : There should be no delay in the disbursement of financial relief to migrant workers (kp), NHRC urges govt to pay sugarcane farmers pronto (ht), Way to address the concerns of sugarcane farmers, by Ayushma Maharjan (rep), Politics, Polls And Power, by Mukti Rijal (rn), President should roll back govt's decision to dissolve parliament: Advocate Aryal (rep),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

20/01/2021: Inoculating the masses against  demagogic populism : The challenge for  Nepali society is to work  for a relatively peaceful transition, by CK Lal (kp) [The best way would be to replace the entire patriarchal old Tagadhari leadership of all political parties with a younger, open-minded and socially inclusive generation!], ‘Constitution gives prime minister no right to dissolve HoR’ (ht), Advocates demand SC to curb PM Oli’s statement that the parliament cannot be reconstituted (kh), In attacking Oli, Dahal ratchets up incendiary rhetoric, only to draw flak : Civil society members say Dahal’s inciting of violence is more abhorrent and could put the country on slippery slope, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Nepal set to get Covid-19 vaccine from India within days, officials say : Health Ministry and Indian Embassy in Kathmandu are expected to jointly announce the details of the supply of vaccines, including the number of doses, to Nepal today, by Arjun Poudel and Anil Giri (kp), One million doses of Covid-19 vaccine to arrive in Nepal from India on Thursday : The announcement was made at a joint press conference by the Health Ministry and Indian Embassy in Kathmandu (kp), Five signatories withdraw from no-confidence motion against Rai, by Deonarayan Sah (kp), Having returned empty-handed, workers seek compensation for losses : A large number of migrant workers have returned home with hefty loans after losing their overseas jobs. Migrant rights activists say they should receive compensation for their ordeal, by Chandan Kumar Mandal (kp),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

19/01/2021: What is legislative intent and why lawyers want the Constitutional Bench to look to it : Advocates bring an interview and video clip of Subas Nembang to justices’ notice to argue the point that constitutional provisions be followed not only in letter but in spirit too, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Arguments put forth against House dissolution (ht), Has Oli captured the state? Whether the Constitutional Bench upholds House  dissolution or not, Oli has his tentacles all over, by Achyut Wagle (kp), Amid political uncertainty, Dahal-Nepal faction seems to be completely lost : While Oli’s party appears confident about polls and forces like Congress and Janata Samajbadi Party are weighing their options, the Dahal-Nepal camp is groping in the dark, by Anil Giri (kp) [This is due to the fact that the Dahal/Nepal faction is primarily concerned with taking power from Oli, both within the party and nationally. Oli's coup is merely a means of argumentation to an end.], As Nepal prepares for Covid-19 vaccination drive, challenges are huge, experts say : From transportation to chain of command issues, from training of health workers to surveillance of the population as each needs two doses, much has to be considered, by Arjun Poudel (kp),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

18/01/2021: At House dissolution hearing, advocates prod bench to look to legislative intentStating that constitution does not provide room for the prime minister to dissolve Parliament, lawyers demand debate transcripts and records of charter drafting process, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Was poll body consulted on midterm elections, Dahal-Nepal faction asks : The law states that government must take the Election Commission into confidence before announcing poll dates. But an official says there is no written record of consultation between the two sides, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Oli should be banned from politics : The prime minister’s hunger for power is likely to push the country into political chaos, by Jagadish Prasad Bist (kp), PM has no right to dissolve House, SC told : ‘Lawmakers even supported the prime minister’s absurd claims’, by Ram Kumar Kamat (ht) [And the President has to protect the constitution even if the PM wants to smash it to preserve his power!], CA Chairman Nembang’s statement that “PM cannot dissolve parliament” recited during hearing at Supreme Court (rep), Hearing on writs against HoR dissolution likely to be protracted : Only six out of 188 advocates debate till Monday (kh), Media fails to uphold its role as watchdog : The government tried to stop criticism by  threatening and spreading fear among journalists, by Bhanu Bhakta Acharya (kp), ‘Govt working to end discrimination against women’ (ht) [This claim is a farce as long as the political patriarchy that dominates all parties is not willing to treat women as equal to men in every way, that is, in the constitution, laws, citizenship, and any kind of inclusion and participation. And none of the autocratic male Tagadhari politicians are willing to do that!], 90pc VAW cases settled thru reconciliation (ht) [This cannot be called justice. It overwhelmingly proves the unequal legal position of women. VAW is a serious crime and must be dealt with and punished by public courts. In case of legal loopholes, the courts must bindingly oblige the legislator to adjust the laws immediately!], Nepal likely to get COVAX vaccine after four months, by Pabitra Sunar (rep), Nepal is falling into a trap of India, China and the US : America might use its weight to obligate Nepal to honor TPSA and get the MCC endorsed. India might stand behind. China might warn Nepal against doing that, by Mahabir Paudyal (rep),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

17/01/2021: Has Oli accepted the constitution has flaws and it needs amendments? In his House dissolution recommendation, Oli has said snap polls are required to revise the charter. But analysts wonder if he has any other sinister motive, as there’s no  certainty that elections, if they happen, will give him such a majority , by Binod Ghimire and Tika R Pradhan (kp) [Oli is constantly talking only about his critics being against elections. Yet elections are not the issue to begin with. At the beginning, there is the question of Oli's constitutional legitimacy to dissolve parliament prematurely. No such legitimacy is apparent. The Supreme Court should finally decide to redeem Nepal from this superfluous crisis!], Hearing on writs against HoR dissolution to continue on Monday (kh), Gyawali’s overhyped Delhi visit turns out to be a damp squib : There were no concrete outcomes from the visit on the border row or vaccine procurement. It just marked a resumption of bilateral engagements between Nepal and India, by Anil Giri (kp), More than 50 different items are needed for polls, Election Commission says as preparations begin Even if Supreme Court decides Oli’s dissolution was constitutional, dispute in Nepal Communist Party has to be settled before polls are possible, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp) [And what about the voting rights of expatriate Nepalis, especially the millions of migrant workers? The Supreme Court's ruling in this regard is binding law, but the incompetent Oli government has done nothing so far!!], Clash of dreams in politics : There are silent communities in Nepal whose dreams are ignored in the hegemonic structure of power, by Abhi Subedi (kp),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

16/01/2021: Constitutional Bench to continue hearing petitions against House dissolution : The five-member bench led by chief justice rejects calls for sending the writ petitions to an extended full bench, saying the issue warrants serious constitutional interpretation, by Binod Ghimire (kp), With a different letter than one sent by  the Cabinet, Oli adds to the confusion : While the House dissolution decision signed by the chief secretary does not cite articles, the one undersigned by Oli includes those, thereby creating grounds to suspect foul play, by Tika R Pradhan and Binod Ghimire (kp), Oxford-AstraZeneca jab gets emergency use nod : Government should fulfil its promise to inoculate all eligible citizens, only allow private players to import if authorities can’t do so, experts say, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Building Resilience At Critical Moment, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn), People will take to the streets against court if it uploads House dissolution: Dr. KC (kh),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

15/01/2021: Lost and never found: Hundreds of children, more girls than boys, go missing every year The majority of children who go missing are eventually found but stakeholders  fear all those who go missing are vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation, by Chandan Kumar Mandal (kp), Vaccine for allThe government cannot evade its primary obligation to the citizens (kp), Are we poised for Jana Andolan III? The bigger the political void and uncertainty, the greater the chances for a people’s movement, by Narayan Manandhar (kp), Nepal approves ‘Covishield’ for emergency use (kp), Constitutional Bench to continue hearing writs against HoR dissolution : Continuous hearing from Sunday (kh), PM Oli recommended House dissolution “without mentioning article of the Constitution” : Petitioner questions alleged meeting between PM and Justices (kh) [???], Whose Nepal Communist Party is it anyway?, by Ashok Dahal (ae), NCP's race to the bottom (ae),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

14/01/2021: Constitutional Bench still unsure which bench will hear House dissolution case : While government wants Constitutional Bench to hear the case, petitioners say full bench must look into it, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Govt claims it’s working to address woes of conflict victims (ht) [Measured against the government's inaction for years, this statement sounds like a mockery!], Money should be no issue for government to procure Covid-19 vaccines, experts say : Public health experts react after government publishes  a notice seeking contributions to vaccinate Nepalis saying saving lives is its legal and moral responsibility, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Why national unification day and Prithvi Narayan Shah should not be celebrated, by Binayak Sundas (rep),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

13/01/2021: Parliament dissolution is constitutionally wrong, politically illegitimate : If a majority government does not wish to run the government only sensible way out is to resign and pave the way for others to form the government, by Narayan Manandhar (rep), Sapana Pradhan Malla replaces Hari Krishna Karki, as Constitutional Bench is set to hear House dissolution case : Karki had recused himself from the bench on January 6 after questions that his presence constituted a conflict of interest (kp), Petitioners to press for grand full bench, by Ram Kumar Kamat (ht), Attorney General At Odds With Demand On Extended Full Bench On HoR Dissolution Case (rn), Hearing On HoR Dissolution Writ Petition Goes Short Of Time; Next Hearing On Friday (rn) [With the state and democracy at stake, clarification by the Supreme Court must be a top priority and much faster!], SC keeps HoR dissolution case in ‘on-hearing’ status : Next hearing on Friday (kh), All democratic forces urged to unite to protect federalism (ht), Political instability as usual : The best among the worst choices is to seek a fresh mandate by holding an election, by Ajay Das (kp) [Presumably, new elections will hardly be avoided if there is to be a majority government without opportunists again. First, however, the Supreme Court must uphold the constitutional violation by Oli and Bhandari. Coup plotters must answer to the courts and never again be allowed to run for state office!], Has Oli killed two birds with one stone - or two interviews for that matter : He has earned praise for a nationalist stance, but some say he managed to distract Nepalis from ongoing crisis while sending a message to Delhi he is ready to play along, by Anil Giri (kp) [Like his great inner-party rival Dahal, the Hindu fundamentalist Oli loves to fly his flag according to the wind. He takes the truth just as seriously as his role model in the White House!], Despite rhetoric of nationalism, Oli more dependent on foreign forces : When political leaders  lack concrete ideology, they often take recourse to ideas of stability, by Ajaya Bhadra Khanal (kp), Nepal Communist Party has been cleaved in two, but a formal—legal—split seems to be heading to stalemate : The Election Commission says neither the Oli faction nor the Dahal-Nepal camp has presented the necessary  paperwork for it to be recognised as the legitimate party. And neither seems to want to take the blame for split, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Heed their plight : It is not easy catering to tens of thousands of applicants, representing different sectors of the economy, all at once (ht),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

12/01/2021: Why the Congress is hemming and hawing, failing to make a firm stance : The party that had been licking its wounds after the 2017 electoral defeat is suddenly licking its lips at the thought of returning to power whichever way the situation unfolds, by Anil Giri (kp) [The answer is quite simple: Just like the top politicians of the NCP, those of the NC are only concerned with personal power and access to coffers, not with the state and the people, and certainly not with the rule of law!], Vaccine diplomacy and Nepal : Leaders are busy negotiating when they should be focusing on public health issues, by Bikram Timilsina (kp), Govt agencies directed to stay alert over possible second wave of COVID-19 (rep), Three strikes on democracy : If President Bhandari had downplayed her party affiliation, revisited the list of her duties as a President and sought counsel, instead of rushing to satisfy Oli, she could have reached a different conclusion, by Mukesh Baral (rep), Civil society holding protest rally against HoR dissolution today (kh),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

11/01/2021: Oli resorting to vituperation turns the conversation ugly and nasty : The prime minister lately has launched acerbic attacks on his opponents and all those who criticise him, overstepping the bounds of propriety and decency, observers say, by Binod Ghimire (kp), House dissolution a political issue: PM, by Ram Kumar Kamat (ht) [Any "political" action by the government must be based on the Constitution, Mr Oli! How stupid do you think the people of Nepal are?], Civil society members call for HoR reinstatement (ht), With upper house prorogued, two  key aviation bills left in the lurch : Experts say it may now take another four to five years to get Nepal  removed from the European Union air safety list, by Sangam Prasain (kp) [Thanks be to PM Oli, the greatest democrat in the world, who truly selflessly does everything only for the good and in the interest of his country!], Supporters of monarchy and police clash in front of Singha Durbar : Hundreds of people had gathered to garland the statue of the late king on the occasion of Prithvi Jayanti when clashes erupted (kp) [Oli is not the only one trying to destroy the state and democracy!], Beyond the death penalty : Anti-rape activism needs to expand, by Meghna Adhikari (ht), Army chief inaugurates Prithvi Narayan Shah Study Center at army HQ (rep) [Is the army still royal or is it now loyal to the sovereign people?],
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

10/01/2021: Observers call Oli’s bid to woo Madhes with ‘dhoti rally’ a farce : If Oli, whose scorn for Madhesis is no secret, is thinking about winning over some constituencies in the plains, he has completely lost the plot, leaders and analysts say, by Anil Giri (kp) [A putschist must never run for public office again!], PM Asks Former Justices To Respect Judiciary (rn) [Only I, the godlike PM has every right to break the Constitution and give opinions on ongoing Supreme Court litigation, but not the extremely concerned constitutional experts of the country!], Chief justice mandatorily chairing Constitutional Bench exposes a major oversight by charter drafters : Recommendations of Constitutional Council meeting attended by Rana have been challenged at the Constitutional Bench. Can he sit on the bench which has to decide on a case which has his involvement?, by Prithvi Man Shrestha and Binod Ghimire (kp), Half of Covid-infected not maintaining social distancing at home, study finds : Public health experts say the findings are alarming as the second wave of infections may start soon in the country, by Arjun Poudel (kp), For the region and beyond : Nepal’s institutions have a historic opportunity to make Nepali democracy a model, by Dnyanesh Kamat (kp), Clearing Fallacies About PN Shah, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn) [This article is a prime example of the view of the elite that has dominated and controlled Nepal since Prithvinarayan's conquests: What about experiences of those sections of the population who have since been marginalised and excluded? Deprived of their traditional culture, languages and way of life? Who have been imposed laws, ways of thinking and living based on Hindu state thinking? Who do not find themselves included at all in Nepal's national identity? Yes, Prithvinarayan Shah unified Nepal and thus secured its place in history, but that does not change the fact that his action was a conquest that primarily served to satisfy his own power and economic interests. No conquest in the history of mankind has been done with the noble foresight in the exclusive interest of his "subjects" to which Prithvinarayan has been so fondly attributed!], How the country can be kept safe is my biggest worry at present: Former King (rep) [Tell the confused followers of monarchy and Hindu state that they are clinging to failed and outdated aspects of Nepali history. After that, you had best leave the country and never return. Oli and the other so-called top politicians are well on their way to destroying the country. But they are only completing what the monarchy could not complete before. Only a younger charismatic generation of politicians from among Nepali citizens with a commitment to inclusion, democracy and secularism and an aversion to theocracy and overrated political ideologies can save the country!], Winter session of National Assembly concludes (rep), PM Oli draws flak for spitting inside NA (kh) [This illustrates Oli's disrespect for institutions of democracy such as the National Assembly. Why was it convened for only one week in the first place? Of course, the all-powerful PM can regulate laws much better by ordinance, which are then signed by the president. Democracy works in Nepal, doesn't it?],
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

09/01/2021: Seven held from Oli’s event for wearing t-shirts with slogans demanding justice for Nirmala Pant : People who attended the function say they were not allowed to wear anything black, even caps or masks, by Mohan Budhaair (kp) [Many authoritarian politicians are prone to such misbehaviour. Moreover, he must once again put up with the question of whether he personally is deliberately trying to prevent the crime against Nirmala Pant from being solved!], Oli throws caution to the wind as he addresses a mass gathering : Once again ignoring the fact that his December 20 move  is sub judice in court, Oli says the House cannot be restored and urges all to prepare for elections, by Anil Giri (kp), Former chief justices speak out against dissolution of House (kp), Congress in driver’s seat as power play begins in provinces : Both factions of Nepal Communist Party need backing of opposition party to further their cause in the provinces, by Tika R Pradhan (kp) [This means a redistribution of power among politicians without charisma and morals who have long since failed repeatedly and who have no interest in the country and its citizens!], Women hit by pandemic, domestic violence at high risk of traffickingTraffickers have been using the Jamunaha border in Banke to smuggle girls and women to India on the pretext of sending them abroad for jobs, anti-trafficking officials say, by Madhu Shahi (kp), Performing Intricate Balancing Act, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

08/01/2021: Four former Chief Justices term HoR dissolution unconstitutional (kh), With their tactical plans, parties reluctant to join hands against Oli in upper house : Though they had agreed to jointly table a resolution motion against the ‘unconstitutional’ lower house dissolution, they now seem to be taking possible polls into consideration, by Binod Ghimre (kp) [The interests of the top politicians of all parties are similar: personal power and direct access to state privileges and coffers. The course must now be set for this. The criticism of the destruction of democracy and the state now initiated by Oli serves at best as a means to an end!], Nepal keeps mum as world leaders condemn attack on US democracy : Foreign Ministry chose to remain silent, with officials  saying they have received no orders from ‘higher political authority’—whether to say something or not say anything, by Anil Giri (kp) [Oli's attitude and self-aggrandising way of thinking resembles that of his great role model in the White House. So what is he supposed to criticise?], No permanent friends, only permanent interests : How does Oli’s dissolution of Parliament affect our neighbours and other powers like the US?, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp), Families displaced by Bheri-Babai diversion project deprived of compensation, by Chandani Kathayat (kp), Don’t rely on one country for Covid-19 vaccines, experts say : Nepal and India are likely to sign an agreement on procurement of vaccines during Minister Predeep Gyawali’s visit to New Delhi next week, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Dirty politics = Dirty air, by Sonia Awale (nt), Drawing a line in the sand : A year after Dilip Mahato was killed by the sand mafia, his family still seeks justice, and illegal mining continues unabated, by Bhrikuti Rai (nt), Youths demanding justice to Nirmala Pant arrested from PM Oli’s mass assembly (kh),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

07/01/2021: What’s stopping joint political movement against Oli’s move? Observers and parties say the nature of split in the Nepal Communist Party is still unclear. Should the two factions decide to unite, the movement will be a dud, they say, Anil Giri (kp) [First of all, the dissolution of parliament is a legal issue. It is incomprehensible why the Supreme Court does not come to a decision as soon as possible. On the political side, the party leaders' power ambitions are always in the foreground, cleverly exploiting the ambiguity of the legal question!], Karki recuses himself after lawyers question why he was on bench : Next hearing on writs against House dissolution on January 13 will focus on whether the  five-member Constitutional Bench should hear them or send them to extended full  bench, by Binod Ghimire (kp), SC justices advise CJ to send House dissolution case to extended full bench, by Shova Sharma (Setopati), Why is everyone talking about Subas Nembang? Nembang, who led Constituent Assembly, is heard in a 2019 video clip saying constitution does not allow House dissolution. But he hasn’t called Oli’s move unconstitutional, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Hard life for the disabled : Nepal is failing to adequately protect persons with disabilities from discrimination and marginalisation, by Dev Datta Joshi (kp), COVID pandemic worsens citizens’ right to employment (ht), Polluted air likely to worsen COVID situation (ht), Air pollution more dangerous than coronavirus (rep), Clear the air : Unlike other cities of the world with poor air quality, Kathmandu’s pollution is caused largely by emissions from vehicles (ht), FNJ flays journalists’ arrest in Kathmandu (ht), House Dissolution Triggers Debate, by Mukti Rijal (rn),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

06/01/2021: House dissolution: Final hearing begins today with arguments in favour of writs : The supremacy of the constitution is at stake and it is up to the five-member Constitutional Bench to safeguard constitutionalism and set a good precedent, experts say, by Binod Ghimire (kp). All eyes on the Supreme Court : The role of the Supreme Court now is to provide a fair interpretation which must protect the spirit of the current constitution, by Abesh Adhikari (rep), Petitioners seek full bench of Supreme Court in the hearing of house dissolution case (rep), Advocates, Justices fall out over modus operandi of hearing writs (kh), Justice Karki announces exiting Constitutional Bench (kh), SC to conduct next hearing on HoR dissolution on Jan 13 (kh) [The SC should wait with its decision until the power-addicted politicians have finally destroyed the democratic state!], NC leader Thapa raps Nembang for keeping mum on HoR dissolution (kh), Gandaki chief minister says assembly can’t be dissolved : Gurung, however, defends prime minister’s move to dissolve House of Representatives, by Pratiksha Kafle (kp), Winter of despairEven as Nepal faces another wave of infections, leaders continue to slug it out (kp), Worsening air quality raises public health concerns amid pandemic : As air pollution soars to a record high level, making Kathmandu the most polluted city in the world, doctors and government urge members of the public to exercise caution, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Despite quotas, hill Brahmins disproportionately land civil service jobs : In fiscal year 2019-20, 28 percent of applications for civil service jobs were from the community but 45 percent of those recruited were from it. This has been a trend for past few years, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp) [If one also takes gender into account, the disproportionality in favour of male Bahuns is even much greater!], Torments of an ideological vacuum : Doctrinal vacuity could have survived political scrutiny had Oli been able to deliver development, by CK Lal (kp), EC amends rules to recognise NCP split : Will decide which faction of the party should use original party’s name, flag, and election symbol during polls (ht), Families of flood victims still living in tents (ht), Capital Budget Spending Stuck At 12.2%, by Modnath Dhakal (rn), Democracy is the defense of Nepali sovereignty, by Robert A Portada and Uttam Paudel (rep), Regular power outage raises fear among Kathmanduites : Former NEA MD Ghising says it’s not the time for power cuts, by Amrit Raj Kafle (kh), May such day never come again!, by Madhu Paudel (kh),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

05/01/2021: Save Ganga Maya, ensure justice for her, says NHRC (ht), Worries grow as NCP rival factions issue veiled threats to influence Supreme Court verdict on parliament dissolution (rep) [The judgement should be made quickly and it must be based on the constitution and be binding! Every day that goes by unused will be used by the irrational squabblers to further inflame emotions!], Oli’s claims House can’t be restored objectionable, analysts say : Since dissolving Parliament, Oli has in almost all his public appearances said it cannot be revived, even though the Supreme Court is hearing the matter, by Tika R Pradhan (kp) [Oli continues to play little Trump!], Letting provinces hold grade 10 exams is just delegation of administrative task, experts say : Until provincial governments are allowed to prepare their own curricula, there is no devolution of powers as per a federal dispensation, they argue, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Bhandari removed as NCP chief whip in Province 1 : The Dahal-Nepal faction of the Nepal Communist Party also relieved Shankar Pokharel and Prithvi Subba Gurung as the party’s in-charge of Lumbini and Gandaki provinces, by Deo Narayan Shah (kp), Lift restrictions in all sectors, says COVID-19 Crisis Management Centre (ht), Experts warn reopening cinemas and schools now is inviting second virus wave : Prime minister and ministers have been attending  meetings and gathering crowds ignoring the risks, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Government mute as Kathmandu air deteriorates to ‘hazardous’ levels : Air Quality Index crosses the 600 mark, raising public health concerns amid the Covid-19 pandemic, by Chandan Kumar Mandal (kp), China’s foreign aid agency is all set to make foray into Nepal’s northern region : China International Development Cooperation Agency to fund 15 pilot projects in 13 of the 15 districts that border Tibet, by Anil Giri (kp), Why Indo-US policies failed in Nepal : The two powers have often bet on the wrong side, attempting to fulfil short term interests, by Achyut Wagle (kp), Eschew Demeaning Language, by Narayan Upadhyay (rn), When women are not paid : Until and unless Nepali women are relieved of their burden of unpaid domestic works, gender equality in workforce will remain a mirage and the goal of women empowerment elusive, by Roshani Giri (rn),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

04/01/2021: SC issues show-cause notice against Cabinet expansion (kh), Oli argues House dissolution a political move, not a matter of judicial review : Constitutional experts say the prime minister either doesn’t understand the constitution or he is twisting facts and constitutional provisions to defend his action, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Incidents of sexual assault rampant in camps for flood displaced in Surkhet : A few cases get reported but a majority of them are settled within camps, families displaced by the 2014 floods say, by Chandani Kathayat (kp) [Further proof of the Oli government's lack of sense of responsibility! Oli always speaks only of his rights, not of his duties!], New variant of coronavirus is travelling but authorities are watching arrivals only from UKNepal had directed all airlines not to bring passengers from the UK or those transiting through the country but people are still arriving in the country through transit flights, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Just transition : Policymakers seem unaware that their decisions  are capable of causing  indescribable suffering, by Madhukar Upadhya (kp), Nepal : Politically Volatile, by S. Binodkumar Singh (SAIR), Provincial assemblies, too, can be dissolved: Minister Tumbahangphe (rep) [In other words, the supposedly best constitution in the world is not even worth the paper it is printed on and only serves to maintain the power of the once elected executive!],
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

03/01/2021: Deuba eyes leading government as Oli hints at an understanding : After holding one round of protest against House dissolution, the Congress party has decided not to go for joint agitation amid talks of a power-sharing deal between Deuba and Oli, by Anil Giri (kp) [The two most incompetent prime ministers in recent history among the numerous power-hungry and self-serving politicians at the helm of political parties are poised to deal a death blow to democracy, the Constitution, their parties, indeed the entire state! Deuba must take note that Oli will never give up his personal claim to power. For this he is ready for everything!], NC announces nation-wide protest against house dissolution (rep), New Year with a bang : Lust for power will govern the ways of the politicians and the passion of Statism in the years to come, by Abhi Subedi (kp), Dahal and Nepal on receiving end of PM Oli’s satire (ht) [To resolve power issues within his party, Oli gives himself the right to break the constitution and abolish democracy! How sick is this person? Even if the power ambitions of Dahal and Nepal are equally reprehensible, sovereignty lies with the people, whose representative is the elected parliament, not the PM!], Home Minister Warns Of Action Against Those Speaking Indecent On President (rn) [The President is not above the law! Politely presented factual criticism is allowed if she does not fulfil her constitutional obligations!], Defendants furnishing reply to SC over HoR dissolution (kh), Non-cooperation to the government led to dissolution of HoR: PM Oli tells SC (kh) [A democratic PM resigns if he has no longer the majority support in party and parliament! At least he asks for a vote of confidence!!],
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

02/01/2021: Religious minorities, marginalised people more vulnerable to humanitarian crisis (ht), Hearings on Constitutional Council ordinance, appointments get deferred : The deferral comes when questions are being raised over the alleged influence of the executive over the judiciary, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Large number of people could be disenfranchised if polls are held as planned : The government has announced midterm elections on April 30 and May 10 but experts say there isn’t enough time for new voters to get registered, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), National Assembly session begins but experts worry it could end soon : With no lower house, upper house is the only legislative body to hold the government to account, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Prime minister draws flak in Upper House (ht), Nepali Congress’ refusal to join protests raises eyebrows : Dahal-Nepal faction reached out to it but Deuba wants to wait for verdict on House dissolution before deciding on protest, by Anil Giri (kp) [In the hope of coming to power again as soon as possible, Deuba, who has failed four times as PM, willingly accepts the destruction of democracy and the constitution by KP Oli!], Protests called for release of eight people convicted in 2015 Tikapur incident : The individuals who have been jailed for life are ‘political’ prisoners, struggle committee says, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Supreme Court orders sugar mills to pay farmers within a month (kp), Reckoning Stability Of Regime, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn), Nirmala Panta's Case Revisited : Apathy delays justice (rep), Human rights matter : Recent events show how important it is for the countries in the world to uphold human rights, by Simone Galimberti (rep), Coronavirus-effect all over, by Narayan Pangeni (kh), Stooping too low!, by Ishwar Dev Khanal (kh),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

01/01/2021: With no House, amendment to transitional justice law, as per court order, remains uncertain : The government is preparing to extend the terms of the commissioners assigned to look into conflict-era cases once again. Why not bring an ordinance to amend the law as ordered by the Supreme Court in 2015 instead, victims say, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Ruling party’s split continues to fuel conflict in provinces : Province 1 Chief Minister Rai suspends 15 party members  after they file a no-confidence motion against him, by Tika R Pradhan (kp) [The members of the provincial parliament are the democratically elected representatives of the sovereign people. The Chief Minister has been elected by these MPs and is responsible to them. Since none of the reasons mentioned in Article 180 are applicable, which, by the way, is not for the Chief Minister to decide, his action is to be judged as similarly criminal as the dissolution of parliament by Oli and Bhandari at the central level!], Plea For Accommodative Leadership, by Mukti Rijal (rn) [This problem affects all major parties and their factions. The failed old politicians should leave the political stage immediately and make way for a younger, hopefully charismatic generation. Only then would new elections really make sense!], All positive samples of people returning from UK to be sent for whole-genome sequencing : So far at least seven have tested positive and their samples will be handed over to  the World Health Organization to send them to a laboratory abroad for testing.  Despite arrival ban from the UK, people are still coming in, officials say, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Unfilled local government vacancies affect service delivery in KarnaliAs many as 81 posts of people’s representatives are currently vacant in eight districts of Karnali Province. Dolpa district has the highest number of vacancies; By-elections have not been held to fill vacancies caused by death or resignation, by Chandani Khatayat (kp), Cane farmers complain about delayed payment from mills : The government made a deal on Monday and said their payments were being processed, by Krishana Prasain (kp),
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

Putsch at the top of the state, 60 years after Mahendra's coup d'état, by Karl-Heinz Krämer. Nepal Oberver 62, December 25, 2020

Nepal Human Development Report 2020, UNDP and NPC, 13/12/2020

The Government of Nepal has been using the Covid-19 Pandemic to Exercise Control, to Commit Human Rights Violations and to Deny Justice to Victims of Human Rights Abuses, by AHRC, 09/12/2020

राष्ट्रिय मानव अधिकार आयोगको वार्षिक प्रतिवेदन (२०७६–२०७७), National Human Rights Commission, 07/12/2020

No Law, No Justice, No State for Victims : The Culture of Impunity in Post-Conflict Nepal. Report by Human Rights Watch. 20/11/2020

Nepal : Justice stalled for conflict victims. Amnesty International submission for the UN universal periodic review, 37th session of the UPR working group, January 2021 (Amnesty International, 23/10/2020)

आयोगको २० वर्ष आयोगका सिफारिशहरु र कार्यान्वयन अवस्था (२०५७ जेठ–२०७७ असार), National Human Rights Commission, 15/10/2020

The NHRI Nepal Joint Submission for The Third Cycle Universal Periodic Review of Nepal, 2020. Submitted by National Human Rights Commission, National Women Commission and National Dalit Commission, March 24, 2020 (revised 07/09/2020)

Human Rights and the Rule of Law in a Federal Nepal: Recommendations from an ICJ High-Level Mission, by ICJ: Geneva, July 2020

Nepal’s Universal Periodic Review: Human Rights Review Should Address Broken Commitments, Impunity, by Human Rights Watch, 16/07/2020), see submission report by HRW (15/07/2020)

Lawyers at risk: Law Society submits joint UPR report on Nepal, by The Law Society of England and Wales, 13 July 2020 (see also factsheet and submission)

2019 Trafficking in Persons Report: Nepal, by US Department of State

2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, by US Department of State, 11 March 2020

Rule of Law Index Nepal 2020, by World Justice Project, 11 March 2020

Nepal Human Rights Year Book 2020, by INSEC, Kathmandu 2020

Annual Report: Synopsis 2018/2019, by NHRC. Kathmandu: January 2020

Nepal 2019. In: Human Rights in Asia-Pacific. Review of 2019. Amnesty International, 29 January 2020

Nepal: Recent Steps Undermine Transitional Justice, by ICJ, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and TRIAL International, 25 January 2020

Nepal: Events of 2019, by Human Rights Watch, January 2020, pp. 418-422

Human Development Report 2019: Inequalities in Human Development in the 21stCentury. Briefing note for countries on the 2019 Human Development Report: Nepal. New York: UNDP 2019

Nepal: 13 Years On, No Justice for Conflict Victims. Joint statement by ICJ, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and TRIAL International, 25 November 2019

Nepal: New NGO Law Should Protect Rights
Government’s Recent Moves Have Restricted Activists
, by Human Rughts Watch, 14 November 2019

Nepal: Release Report on 2015 Protest Violence: Suppressing Lal Commission Findings Denies Justice to Terai Victims, by Human Rights Watch, 1 October 2019

On the Occasion of International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, by Advocacy Forum - Nepal, 26 June 2019

The Legal Stranglehold, by International Federation of Journalists, 3 May 2019

Regressive Laws, Mounting Violations, report by Freedom Forum, 3 May 2019

Nepal: To End Hunger, Strengthen and Implement Right to Food Law. Amnesty International 04 April 2019

Nepal 2018 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Human Rights Yearbook 2019, by INSEC, 17 February 2019

Fighting inequality in Nepal: The road to prosperity. OXFAM report, 11 January 2019

Media Freedom Deteriorating. Annual media freedom report 2018 by Freedom Forum

Preliminary Comments: Draft Bill to Amend the Act on Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation, 2014], by Amnesty International, ICJ and TRIAL International, 20 July 2018

Preliminary Comments of Conflict Victims’ Common Platform (CVCP) on proposed TJ draft bill to amend Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances, Truth and Reconciliation Act, 2014, 17 July 2018

Nepal: Transitional Justice Reform an Urgent Need;
Current Draft Law Does Not Meet International Standards on Prosecuting Worst Crimes
, by Human Rights Watch, 7 July 2018

Rule of Law Index 2017-2018 - Nepal, by World Justice Project

Nepal 2017 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Amnesty International Annual Report 2017/2018 on Nepal, 22 February 2018

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Preliminary results of Nepal’s parliamentary elections of 2017 (with some comparisons to the CA elections of November 2013), by K.-H. Krämer, Nepal Observer 44, 17 December 2017

Gender and Nepal’s transition from war, by Jeevan Baniya, Sambriddhi Kharel, Deepak Thapa and Alexander Ramsbotham. Accord, 14 September 2017

Nepal’s Transitional Justice Process: Challenges and Future Strategy. A Discussion Paper, by International Commission of Jurists, August 2017

Elections in Nepal: 2017 Local Elections, Frequently Asked Questions, by International Foundation for Electoral Systems, 10 May 2017

“Building inequality": The failure of the Nepali government to protect the marginalised in post-earthquake reconstruction efforts (Amnesty International 25/04/2017)

"What I want is for the government to help". Nepal: Ensure the right to adequate housing for the marginalised in post-earthquake Nepal (Amnesty International 25/04/2017)

Two steps forward, one step back
The Nepal peace process
, by Deepak Thapa and Alexander Ramsbotham. Accord 26, March 2017

Serious Crimes in Nepal’s Criminal Code Bill, 2014. A Briefing Paper by International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), March 2017

Statement on renewed escalation in Tarai, by Surya Subedi (in Nepali and English, originally: Kantipur, 9 March 2017)

Nepal 2016 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, 3 March 2017

Nepal 206/17, report by Amnesty International, 22 February 2017

Nepal: extending transitional justice commissions without granting real powers betrays trust of victims, by International Commission of Jurists, 10  February 2017

Nepal: Decade After Peace, Scant Progress On Justice; Political Parties Fail to Deliver on Promises, by Human Rights Watch, 18 October 2016

Statement on the CIAA and reports on investigation of Social Science Baha (SSB) and Alliance for Social Dialogue (ASD) (BNAC 01/10/2016)

“Our Time to Sing and Play”: Child Marriage in Nepal, by Human Rights Watch, 7 September 2016 [see also video]

Supporting Safety of Journalists in Nepal. Paris, August 2016

Nepal - Torture and Coerced Confessions, by Amnesty International, 19 July 2016

The Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (Control) Bill, 2014. A Briefing Paper by International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), June 2016

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Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR)

Ways to destroy a nation: bandh calendar

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The Carter Center International Observation Mission in Nepal. First Interim Report. 26 August 2009

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International Commission of Jurists. Disappearances in Nepal: Addressing the past, securing the future. Briefing paper, March 2009

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Prabin K. Prajapati. Feminist Movements from Global to Local: Has it helped Women Empowerment Process? Patriarchy and Status of Nepali Women. Lund University, Sweden, November 2008

Prabin K. Prajapati. An open letter to prime Minister Prachanda from a victim of People’s War. Lund University, Sweden, 9 September 2008

Prabin K. Prajapati. Development Challenges in New Sociopolitical Structure: A Case of Nepal. Lund University, Sweden, August 2008

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International Crisis Group. Nepal’s New Political Landscape. Asia Report No. 156, 3 July 2008 [full text]

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Tek Tamrakar. Federalism with a Dalit perspective. 25 March 2008

Prabin K. Prajapati. Political transition in Nepal: Chances of Resembling Faustian Model of Development. Lund University, Sweden, March 2008

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Karon Cochran-Budhathoki, Defend Human Rights Movement-Nepal. Security Sector Reform in Nepal: The Role of Civil Society. United States Institute of Peace, December 2006

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12-Point Understanding Concluded between Seven Political Parties and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), New Delhi, 22 November 2005

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