Nepal Research
Website on Nepal and Himalayan Studies

History (general, archaeology)
Time in Taksindu:
Human Rights

History (general)
Ancient and mediaeval
Early Shahs and Ranas
Ethnic history
Modern history

New cave discovered in Kurgha of Parbat (rep 24/03/2024)

Nepal:  Glory of the past, vision for future : We have faced countless obstacles and set-backs. But Nepal and Nepalis have demonstrated extraordinary resilience in times of distress, by Sergio Shumsher JB Rana (nlt 06/02/2024)

Nepal's 1923 Treaty with British India: A Centennial Reflection on Diplomatic Resilience and Sovereignty, by Nabraj Lama (rep 16/12/2023), Experts discuss historic Nepal-Britain 1923 Treaty (rep 19/12/2023), Further researching the 1923 treaty : Did the Nepali public at large feel like they were members of a more sovereign country after 1923?, by Pratyoush Onta (kp 22/12/2023)

How did Kipat system encroach on the identity of Yakthung Limbu?, by Arjunbabu Mabuhang (kh 27/11/2023)

Sunk cost fallacy in politics: Alternative voices being marginalised, by Pushpa Raj Joshi (ht 11/09/2023)

Why the 1923 Nepal–Britain Treaty of Friendship is of great importance for Nepal and the UK : The 1923 treaty helped Nepal to stay as an independent sovereign state in the immediate aftermath of the independence of India, by Surya P. Subedi (nlt 18/07/2023)

Decentralized Autonomous Nepal, by Bimal Pratap Shah (rep 29/06/2023)

The Hindutva template of hegemony : The controversy over Bhanubhakta’s statue shows the emancipation of the subaltern is a long process, by CK Lal (kp 10/05/2023)

NA: Keep Professional Integrity Intact, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn 02/04/2023)

1923 - 2023 : The centenary of the Nepal-Britain Treaty of Friendship reminds us of a time when Nepal’s leaders had strategic thinking (nt 10/03/2023)

UK envoy talks about the 1923 friendship treaty. Why is it important? During her meeting with PM Dahal on Wednesday, British ambassador to Nepal, Nicola Politt, shared priorities of the 1923 friendship treaty. Historians have attached a great importance to this treaty (nlt 19/01/2023)

Marking Unity Day With Ardour, by Shreeram Upadhyaya (rn 11/01/2023) [The problem is that reality differs in many ways from this glorifying image of history!]

Chisapani Gadhi: Why it is historically important : Until 2018 BS, Chisapani Gadhi was used as the office of the chief administrator, where records of people entering the Kathmandu Valley via this route were kept, by Sushil Hamal (nlt 31/12/2022)

Relooking early phase of Nepal-China relations : There are interesting episodes in Nepal-China relations. Every such episode has contributed to making of the Nepal-China relations in one way or the other, by Laxmi Basnyat (nlt 11/09/2022)

The way we were : New book about old Nepal is an album of images by father-son photography pioneers, by Kunda Dixit (nt 02/09/2022) [book review]

‘Off the Cuff’ Population Policy! There is a need for a paradigm shift in Nepal - from an anti-natalist to a pro-natalist population policy - aiding economic growth, by Pradip Kumar Kafle (rep 26/08/2022)

Lacuna in Nepali history: Giving rise to jingoism, by Nishant Pokharel (ht 10/08/2022)

Historical palaces in Bajhang in dilapidated condition : Palaces in the district have historical and archaeological significance but most monuments have either been lost or have decayed over time, by Basanta Pratap Singh (kp 07/08/2022), Preserving heritage : Prioritising locals in restoring important landmarks would help alleviate unemployment (kp 09/08/2022)

Karnali – Humla : From Prosperity to Inferiority. Was Karnali always like this - poor, deprived, and backward? The answer is ‘No’. The Karnali Kingdom was prosperous and cultured until the 18th century from the 9th century, by Nabraj Lama (rep 19/07/2022) [In other words, the decline began with the integration of this region into the Hindu state of the Shah monarchy!]

History and memory : Nepal may have become a republic, but the public memory of the royal figures has not gone away, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp 10/06/2022)

The enigma of Kathmandu : As one of the three cities of Nepal Mandala, it has occupied the minds of people for centuries, by Abhi Subedi (kp 05/06/2022)

Archiving Manuscripts Is An Arduous Affair, by Aashish Mishra (rn 01/04/2022)

Nepal Receives Geophysical Survey Report Of Panchkhal From The UK, by Raj Kumar Parajuli (rn 22/02/2022)

13 February : On the 26th anniversary of the start of the Maoist insurgency, history repeats itself as a farce (nt 11/02/2022)

The historic Kathmandu beneath our feet : Archeological sites hold clues to past earthquakes and the heritage of Kathmandu Valley civilisation, and need protection, by Sahina Shrestha (nt 14/01/2022)

The Nyishangba traders of Manang : Their remarkable  adventurism adds an important chapter to Nepal’s history of trade, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp 29/10/2021)

In defence of alternative narratives : We have a huge mass unaware of our history and how it continues to shape present-day interactions, by Deepak Thapa (kp 28/10/2021)

The fishing village and the stolen boat : They stole our ghats. They stole our boats. They stole our rivers and our fish. Crushers in our rivers, they even stole the lands of our ancestors, by Raju Syangtan (rec 11/08/2021)

Prime Ministers Who Ruled The Longest, by Nir Bahadur Karki (rn 11/08/2021)

Celebration, censorship, and indifference: Nepali theater in the shadow of the state, by Deepesh Padel (rec 03/08/2021)

Rebuilding Kathmandu after the 1934 quake : The construction of New Road 90 years ago has lessons for post-disaster urban planning, by Alina Bajracharya (nt 23/04/2021)

Rewriting the history of subalterns, by Anish Kumar Thokar (rep 21/03/2021)

Who gets to write our history? The nationalist narrative conveniently sets aside other histories that don’t see Nepal as a great nation, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp 22/01/2021)

As Ratna Park gets new name and statues of two icons, many say ‘let history be history’ : At the centre of Kathmandu, the City has memorialised lives of Sankhadhar Sakhwa and Padma Ratna Tuladhar but the step has sparked debate about remembering history, by Srizu Bajracharya (kp 28/11/2020)

हाम्रो नेपाल किन बनेन ? [Why didn't our Nepal come into being?], by Peshal Acharya (ns 11/11/2020)

Air-brushing history by toppling statues: Keeping them visible may help remind the present generation of historical wrongs, by Ivan G. Somlai (nt 07/08/2020) [But not as long as they are celebrated as idols of Nepal's national identity!]

Justice Done To Statues, by Siddhi B. Ranjitkar (km 16/06/2020)

Even India's official documents show that Limpiyadhura is the real source of the Kali River, by Kosh Raj Koirala (rep 27/05/2020)

Keep the border regulated: Before the Sugauli Treaty we had a closed border to the south. Following the annexation of Naya Muluk in 1860 it became controlled border and gradually changed into an open border, by Nara Bahadur Kandel (rep 18/05/2020)

Will the subject of history soon be history? A lack of job prospects and Tribhuvan University’s failure to attract a new generation to the subject have meant that fewer students are pursuing history as a discipline, by Shashwat Pant (kp 05/03/2020), The past is present: Studying history helps to expand the mind (kp 06/03/2020), Nepal’s history foretold: Those who do not learn from the past are destined to repeat it, by Anil Chitrakar (nt 06/03/2020)

Connectivity blues at Kantipur Conclave: We should not entirely dismiss the heritage of freedom practised by countries who did not directly come under British rule, by Abhi Subedi (kp 16/02/2020)

New names for old places reflect the changing times, but not everyone is happy: Old place names were born out of tradition, culture and heritage, which new names ignore, say locals, by Shashwat Pant (kp 23/01/2020) [This tradition was introduced under the authoritarian royal panchayat system with its policy of "one nation, one language, one culture, one religion", which is still continued today by the minority of male high-caste party politicians who treat Nepal like their property! The cut of today's provinces and the problems around their naming are exactly related to this.]

Original copies of both Sugauli Treaty and Nepal-India Friendship Treaty are missing: While some suspect they’re in foreign lands, no one really knows where the originals of these two historic documents are, by Anil Giri (kp 14/08/2019)

Nepalis are dying from floods—and they repeat every year: Between 1900-2005, 3.2 million Nepalis died in floods; 2.8 million of them were from the Tarai, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp 26/07/2019)

Rulers, religion, and the republic: Nepal’s new rulers have just taken over the roles and duties of the former monarchs, by Khem R Shreesh (kp 02/06/2019)

Redrawing history: as the Nepali state discriminatory toward certain languages, castes, cultures and peoples? Sujit Mainali tells us, it was but not all the time and not in every case, by Mahabir Paudyal (rep 12/05/2019) [book review]

Bhaktapur’s Bhaju Pokhari 500 years older than Rani Pokhari: Study (kp 13/03/2019)

The end of history: Our text books and teachers are so boring, no one is enrolling to study Nepal’s diverse past, by Anil Chitrakar (nt 08/02/2019)

Trajectory of history writing: As Nepal stands at cross-roads of history, it would be helpful if our historiography moved beyond linear narratives, by Pranab Kharel and Gaurab KC (rep 04/02/2019)

Ideological Pillars Of Unity, by Narad Bharadwaj (rn 11/01/2019) [Please stay on the ground: Nepal must thank Prithvinaran for her independence to this day, but he was also responsible for the lack of social inclusion, inequality, the over-centralised and discriminating Hindu state and the total control of public life by a minority of male Tagadharis!], Prime Minister KP Oli and Prithvi Narayan Shah, by Siddhi B Ranjitkar (km 11/01/2019), 297th Prithvi Jayanti observed; President offers tribute to nation builder’s statue, by Anuj Kumar Adhikari (kp 12/02/2019)

History: A Forgotten Discipline, by Prem Khatry (rn 18/12/2018)

Prithvi Thought-I :  Respect All Faiths & Cultures, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn 16/12/2018) [???],  Prithvi Thought-II: Champion Of Economic Nationalism, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn 23/12/2018), Prithvi Thought-III Stress On Sovereignty & Robust Diplomacy, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn 30/12/2018), Prithvi Thought-IV: Endowed With Revolutionary Concepts, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn 06/01/2019)

Daura and Suruwal: Their history & journey, by Prithubir Khatri (ht 11/12/2018)

Manufacturing courage: The history of Gorkhas is a case study of colonial mindsets and Nepali rulers’ failures, by Amish Mulmi (kp 16/11/2018), Lest we forget: The political, socio-economic, military and demographic impact of Gurkha recruitment in World War I on Nepal, 100 years on, by David Seddon (nt 16/11/2018)

Hundred years on: In Nepal, there appears to be national amnesia about World War I and its aftermath, by Deepak Thapa (kp 01/11/2018)

A Dashain diversion: Stories of history and society from perspective of Dalits, Janjatis and Madhesis remain to be written. Until then, only way to get their version is to listen to their woes firsthand, by CK Lal (rep 08/10/2018)

Love and longing in Lhasa: Two works of fiction tell us more about the personal lives of Lhasa Newars, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp 07/09/2018)

Islamic Community in Nepal, by Narad Bharadwaj (rn 17/08/2018)

Unlocking horns: Rhino diplomacy isn’t a new phenomenon; it begins as early as 1834, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp 10/08/2018)

Kathmandu’s love affair with Kauli, by Prawash Gautam (kp 21/07/2018)

Who saved Nepal? Nepal has been able to keep its sovereignty intact (to whatever extent that is), out of some tricks, some bit of wisdom and some bit of foresight displayed by our predecessors, by Mahabir Paudyal (rep 04/06/2018)

The life and times of Arniko, by Sewa Bhattarai (nt 18/05/2018)

Khokana’s Kols: Today, Khokana is one of the last surviving remnants of the Malla-era pastoral life in Kathmandu Valley. And for its residents, the town is more than just a cluster of ancient homes, temples and courtyards, by Prawash Gautam (kp 21/04/2018)

Padmaavat and Prithvi Narayan Shah: In today’s ‘post-truth world’, majoritarianism is cocooned and strengthened in perceived victimhood, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp 26/01/2018)

The first map of Nepal: A covert British invasion plan that never materialised, by Sanyukta Shrestha (kp 30/12/2017)

Meaningful interpretation: Nepal’s complex yet creative narratives assume avatars of different forms and convenience, by Abhi Subedi (kp 29/10/2017)

Marching to the tune of history, by Alisha Sijapati (kp 23/09/2017)

The Gorkha Empire: The concept of ‘unification of Nepal’ with Prithvi Narayan Shah as the hero who unified Nepal began to take root after the Shah restoration of 1951, by Binayak Sundas (rep 09/08/2017)

The history lesson: Prithvi Narayan Shah was projected as the worst of the worst thief and King Mahendra was portrayed in the same negative light, by Prem Singh Basnyat (rep 02/08/2017)

All our yesterdays: Photographs taken by Peace Corps volunteers a half-century ago offer a stark reminder of how much Nepal has changed in 50 years (nt 23/06/2017)

Trafficking in the 1920s: One man’s stand against those who threaten liberty, defy law and elude public justice, by Mahendra P. Lama (kp 14/06/2017)

Today’s Nepal: Peripheral ambiance, by Suresh Chalise (ht 05/06/2017)

From royal to republic: Nepal sets an example in smoothly transitioning from monarchy to republic, by Shreejana Shrestha (nt 26/05/2017) [??]

Contestations of Nepali history, by Mahabir Paudyal (kp 29/04/2017) [criticising Western authors from the 18th to early 20th century but not mentioning the shortcomings of official non-inclusive Nepali historiography!]

Dehradoon Security Conference: Intellectual discourse; The Gorkha recruitment by the British in 1815 was the turning point weakening Nepal’s nationhood. Nepal’s capability for industrial development was completely ruined by the tripartite 1947 Gorkha Recruitment Treaty, by Umesh K. Bhattarai (ht 18/04/2017)

Historical channel: Nepal has been conducting entrepot trade across the Himalaya since ancient times, by Ram Chandra Pokhrel (kp 12/03/2017)

Understanding of History, by Yuba Nath Lamsal (rn 07/02/2017)

Musing On Martyrs’ Day, by Nandalal Tiwari (rn 30/01/2017)

Liberal blues: It may not be fair to judge the Gorkha king by today’s standards, by Prashant Sharma (kp 24/01/2017)

With archives being forced to move, many historical documents at risk, by Gyan P. Neupane (rep 07/01/2017)

A Reflection On Prithvi’s Birth Anniversary Celebration, by Siddhi B Ranjitkar (km 05/01/2017)

200 years of Nepal-UK ties: Nepal’s integration in the global market has a long history, one in which the Gurkhas played a pivotal role, by Deepak Thapa (kp 29/12/2016)

Diplomats question Prithvi Narayan's role in nation-building (rep 22/11/2016)

Keeping One-upmanship At Bay, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn 19/06/2016)

The ‘foreign’ scarecrow, by Our political leaders are taking a leaf from the rulebook of their predecessors to hold people on a tight leash, by Abhinawa Devkota (kp 04/06/2016)

Curator of history: Sanskritist Gautama V Vajracharya puts Nepali art history on the world map, by Ayesha Shakya (nt 27/05/2016)

Three options for Nepal: King Mahendra's fear that in an agrarian economy like ours parties depend on foreigners for money to contest elections wasn't unfounded, by Trailokya Raj Aryal (rep 10/05/2016) [The failure of today's polticians cannot excuse the putch by Mahendra in 1960 that had been simply guided by power greed!!]

The discharge of history, by Marissa Taylor (kp 09/04/2016)

Looking back to the future: Nepalis have waited 200 years for a nation that they can once more be proud of (nt 25/03/2016)

Rajman and Hodgson: Learning to remember, by Kanak Mani Dixit and Shamik Mishra (rep 23/03/2016)

Power of narrative: Late King Mahendra and late BP Koirala had their own narratives which they wanted to sell to the people, by Bhagirath Yogi (rep 18/01/2016)

Valley’s archaeological features uncovered (ht 17/01/2016)

Nepal’s chronology: The new translation of History of the Kings of Nepal- A Buddhist Chronicle aims to correct the mistakes and fill the gaps found in the earlier translation, by Madeline Zutt (nt 25/09/2015)

A past for a present: Whether it is a dog’s bite or deaths in Kailali, caste and ethnicity have become the central issue. And our history of forgetting the past is to blame for it, by Malati (kp 12/09/2015)

Historical papers in poor state (kp 12/08/2015)

Vision of the past: It is erroneous to believe that Shah Dynasty continuously ruled Nepal since 1769; Shah Kings directly ruled for a total of 107 years, in installments, by Mukesh Khanal (rep 06/08/2015)

Where Did It All Go Wrong?, by Dipak Gyawali (sp 06/03/2015)

Nepal denies secret deal with Gyanendra (kp 21/02/2015)

The things we don’t know: Nepal doesn’t just have ruptures; it has gaping holes in its collective memory, by Pranaya Shamsher J.B. Rana (kp 07/02/2015)

The dead tell tales: The cemetery near the British and Indian embassies speaks volumes about Nepal’s relations with Britain and Europe, by Abhi Subedi (kp 11/01/2015)
Documents / Websites

Zeittafel zur nepalischen Geschichte, von K.-H. Krämer (in German) [currently until October 2014)

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